Frequency of Hypomagnesaemia in patients presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome
Keywords:Hypomagnesaemia, acute coronary syndrome, STEMI, NSTEMI, unstable angina, serum magnesium level
Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been defined as a group of conditions due to decreased blood flow in the coronary arteries. Hypomagnesemia is an important risk factor cardiac patients. Although the frequency reported in previous literature is but controversy exits. So we conducted this study to find extent of problem in local population.
Aims and objective: To determine the frequency of hypomagnesaemia in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome.
Material and methods: This cross sectional study was carried out at the department of Cardiology, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore over a period of six months from 05-09-2017 to 05-03-2018. Total 185 patients were enrolled in the study. Then blood sample was obtained and were sent to the laboratory of the hospital for assessment of magnesium level. Reports were assessed and if level is below normal, then hypomagnesemia was labeled.
Results: The mean age of patients was 59.48±13.35 years. There were 92 (49.7%) males and 93 (50.3%) females. The mean magnesium level of patients was 1.73±0.50mg/dl. In this study, 38 (20.5%) patients had hypomagnesemia while 147 (79.5%) had normal magnesium level.
Conclusion: The frequency of hypomagnesemia was low in our study but cannot be ignored.
Key words: Hypomagnesaemia, acute coronary syndrome, STEMI, NSTEMI, unstable angina, serum magnesium level
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