Association of Raised BMI with MACE in patients of acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention


  • Farhan Umair Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore
  • Kiran Iftikhar Sheikh Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore
  • Fatima Qurratulain Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore
  • Samar Arfeen Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore
  • Hafiz Rashid Ali Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore
  • Muhammad Usman Khalid Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan



Acute Coronary Syndrome, Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, MACE


BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) refers to a group of conditions. It is the leading cause of death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Obesity is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and is closely linked to increased morbidity and death.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of raised BMI with MACE in patients of Percutaneous coronary intervention is used to treat the acute coronary syndrome.

METHODOLOGY: A Prospective cohort study was conducted at the Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore from August 2020 to February 2021. 120 patients with ACS were enrolled by Non-probability consecutive sampling after the inclusion and exclusion criteria. MACE was recorded after 3 months of clinical follow-up.

RESULTS: Among the exposed, the mean age was 37.9±9.3yearsr and 39.5±8.2 years among non-exposed. Among exposed, there were 32(53.3%) males and 28(46.7%) females, while 37(61.7%) males and 23(38.3%) females among non-exposed. The risk ratio of the obese participants was high as 35%.

CONCLUSION: Raised BMI individuals are at risk of in-hospital complications and 3-month MACE and mortality after PCI.

Author Biographies

Farhan Umair, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore

Senior Registrar Cardiology

Kiran Iftikhar Sheikh, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore

Senior Registrar Cardiology

Fatima Qurratulain, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore

Assistant Professor Cardiology

Samar Arfeen, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore

Senior Registrar Cardiology

Hafiz Rashid Ali, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore

Senior Registrar Cardiology

Muhammad Usman Khalid, Multan Medical and Dental College, Multan

Assistant Professor of Physiotherapy


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